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The genesis of inflammatory bowel disease yesterday, today, tomorrow

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The discovery of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) has had a tumultuous trajectory, beginning with its recognition as a medical entity to defining and understanding. The genesis of the two diseases included in the spectrum of IBD is the same with the one of humanity, the earliest descriptions belonging to ancient Greeks, but the differentiation between them and other intestinal pathologies took place years later. Even establishing the names of Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD) encountered difficulties. With the beginning of the modern era, remarkable progress has been made in the field of medicine – both in understanding the diseases and in treating it. Outstanding medical and surgical techniques have led to significant improvement in prognosis and quality of life, so nowadays IBD is no longer seen as a medical curiosity but as a manageable chronic condition. This article is a review of the history and treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease up to the present time, when, despite all the advances made, the etiopathology and cure remain unknown

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