Oesophageal cancer is the fourth most frequent cancer of the digestive tube, following gastric, \ colon and rectal cancer. The oesophageal cervical cancer has a growing incidence, and in 3-5% of cases it is associated with another cancer which is part of Ears-Nose-Throat (ENT) medicine. Generally, oesophageal cancer has a reserved prognosis. The cancer of the superior part of the oesophagus has a bad prognosis due to a late diagnosis. Therefore, an early, correct and complete diagnosis might improve its generally reserved prognosis.
Key words: cervical oesophagus, malignant tumors, early diagnosis.
The oesophagus is a musculo-membranous duct which connects the hypopharynx to the stomach. With a length varying between 25 to 30 cm, it crosses the cervical region, the posterior mediastinum and the superior abdominal region1. The superior limit corresponds to the projection C6-C7 vertebra and the inferior one to the T11 vertebra, behind the chondrocostal articulation2. The oesophagus presents 3 physiological strictures: cricoid, aortic bronchus, diaphragmatic. The oesophagus consists of 3 segments: cervical, thoracic and abdominal.