ISSN ONLINE: 2558-815X
ISSN PRINT: 1584-9244
ISSN-L: 1584-9244

Nosocomial infections in the neonatal intensive care unit



Neonates admitted for intensive care are a highly vulnerable population of patients, susceptible to infections. In newborns, the nosocomial infections have characteristics that are not seen in any other group of patients. The incidence rate of nosocomial infections in newborns is one of the highest and there are differences in this rate between developed and developing countries. The etiology of nosocomial infections in intensive care units is diverse and the causative agents might be bacteria, viruses or fungi. There are numerous risk factors associated with the characteristics of the patients, the hospital-stay and the level of care provided, that might increase the risk of nosocomial infections.

Keywords: nosocomial infection, neonate, etiology, incidence, risk factors.

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Correspondence address:
Department of Epidemiology and Disaster Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical
University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Address: Blvd Vasil Aprilov 15A, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Email:; Phone: +359883403683


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Rangelova V, Kevorkyan A, Krasteva M. Nosocomial infections in the neonatal intensive care unit. Arch Balk Med Union. 2020;55(1):121-127.