Neonates admitted for intensive care are a highly vulnerable population of patients, susceptible to infections. In newborns, the nosocomial infections have characteristics that are not seen in any other group of patients. The incidence rate of nosocomial infections in newborns is one of the highest and there are differences in this rate between developed and developing countries. The etiology of nosocomial infections in intensive care units is diverse and the causative agents might be bacteria, viruses or fungi. There are numerous risk factors associated with the characteristics of the patients, the hospital-stay and the level of care provided, that might increase the risk of nosocomial infections.
Keywords: nosocomial infection, neonate, etiology, incidence, risk factors.
Department of Epidemiology and Disaster Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical
University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
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