Introduction. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a disorder characterized by physical, psychological and behavioural symptoms. These symptoms can affect the women’s quality of life on different aspects.
The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between PMS and sleep quality among women of reproductive age.
Materials and methods. This is a cross sectional study on 768 women of reproductive age, who answered a self-reported questionnaire. This questionnaire consisted of three parts: demographic data sheet, premenstrual syndrome scale (PMSS) and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The primary outcome was the prevalence and severity of PMS and sleep quality, in addition to the correlation between PMS and PSQI. The demographic characteristics of participants and their impact on the PMS and PSQI were secondary outcomes.
Results. PMS was reported in 90.5% of participants, with intensity ranging between moderate to very severe. There was a significant positive correlation between PMS and PSQI (p< 0.01). PMS did not show any correlation (P> 0.05) with the demographic characteristics, while the age and body weight only showed significant difference with reference to PSQI.
Conclusion. The correlation between PMS and PSQI is significant and should be investigated in women with PMS, to develop a coping strategy regarding the sleep quality.
Keywords: premenstrual syndrome, sleep quality, reproductive age, menstrual cycle.
Dalia M. KAMEL
Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt
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