Vulvar cancer is a rare gynecologic malignancy usually amenable to surgery, especially in cases diagnosed in early stages of the disease. Although initially it had been considered that extended radical surgery should be routinely performed in such cases, the high rates of perioperative complications led to the modification of the therapeutic protocol, more limited surgical procedures being proposed. The extent of the surgical procedure was modified in terms of both vulvar resections and extent of lymph node dissection, sentinel lymph node dissection being widely recommended in the last decade. This is a literature review of the most consistent studies conducted on the theme of sentinel lymph node biopsy for early stage vulvar cancer patients.
Keywords: vulvar cancer, sentinel lymph node biopsy.
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