ISSN ONLINE: 2558-815X
ISSN PRINT: 1584-9244
ISSN-L: 1584-9244

Venizeleion: The history of the Hospital of the People of Heraklion, a historical vignette


The healthcare evolution in Heraklion, Crete, was gradual and did not happen overnight, but rather took several years. A key point during this transformation was the development of Venizeleio Hospital. Since the early decades of the 20th century, Crete faced numerous healthcare challenges, including inadequate hospital conditions, and because of the absence of a general hospital in Heraklion, most people sought medical assistance in private medical clinics. The establishment of Venizeleio Sanatorium in 1953, intended to honor Eleftherios Venizelos and address the tuberculosis crisis, marked a significant advancement. The sanatorium later transitioned into a general hospital due to the decreasing incidence of tuberculosis and evolving medical needs, while in 1973, it merged with Pananeio Hospital, thus becoming the Pancretan Venizeleio and Pananeio General Hospital of Heraklion. Articles found in the local newspapers highlight the public perception and the impact of the hospital’s inauguration and operations, reflecting its pivotal role in the community of Heraklion, from the day it begun operating, until nowadays.
Keywords: Venizeleio Hospital, State of Crete (Romanized: Kritiki Politeia), Municipality of Heraklion, Sanatorium.

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Address: School of Medicine, Voutes, Heraklion, 71003 PC, Greece


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Mourellou E, Tsoucalas G. Venizeleion: the history of the hospital of the people of Heraklion, a historical vignette. Arch Balk Med Union. 2024;59(2):219-224.