Dehydration is a common process, evolving in the course of training and match that affects the functioning of the musculoskeletal, nervous, respiratory and cardiovascular systems.
In the present study cardio-vascular and respiratory parameters in football players in state of dehydration and optimal hydration were estimated. The study was carried out on 6 football players, aged 18-19 years during a 6-month period. A veloergometer and cardio-pulmonary exercise test was used. Data from our sample tests highlight the negative trends in some functional parameters of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems with a direct impact on the players’ conditioning options. Furthermore, the sudden tests for hydration revealed that the Bulgarian elite football players is not optimally hydrated.
The results of the study confirm the importance of requiring players to start loads optimally hydrated in order to be able to slow down and reduce the impact of the inevitable negative effects of dehydration during the match.
Abbreviations: Cardio-pulmonary exercise test (CPET), DH – dehydration, H – optimal hydration, Heart rate (HR), oxygen consumption (VO2), maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max kg)Full text sources