ISSN ONLINE: 2558-815X
ISSN PRINT: 1584-9244
ISSN-L: 1584-9244

Mid-urethral slings for stress urinary incontinence. Differences between transobturator and retropubic mid-urethral slings


Nowadays, the surgical success rate for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is approximately 90 % the mid-urethral synthetic slings being currently the most effective surgical options in women with SUI. The initial treatment should consist of conservatory measures such as pelvic floor exercises, hormonal medication or vaginal pessary, the failure or refusal of these methods will then guide the surgeon towards a surgical decision with the use of a mid-urethral sling either of retropubic or transobturator type. The choice between the two slings should be done after a complete evaluation of the urinary function taking into consideration the coexistence of a mixed incontinence, a dysfunction of the intrinsic sphincter, a rigid urethra but also the age and the weight of the patient as well as the possible previous surgical interventions for SUI. The advantages of each type of mid urethral sling and their associated complications should be preoperatively explained to the patient, the decision to opt for one or another sling depending also on the professional experience of the surgeon. The aim of this review is to present the advantages and the disadvantages of two types of mid-urethral slings – the retropubic and the transobturator sling- as well as the possible intra-and postoperative complications and their management.
Keywords: stress urinary incontinence, sling, transobturator, retropubic.

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