ISSN ONLINE: 2558-815X
ISSN PRINT: 1584-9244
ISSN-L: 1584-9244

Neurological complications characteristics and treatment outcomes of post-COVID-19 patients

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Introduction. The factors related to neurological complications and evaluation of treatment outcomes in COVID-19 patients are still very limited.
The objective of our study was to evaluate the treatment outcomes of neurological complications in post COVID-19 patients in Vietnam.
Material and methods. A cross – sectional study with 4 weeks follow-up was conducted on 345 COVID-19 patients. Verbal Rating Scale (VRS), Dizziness Assessment Rating Scale (DARS), and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) were used.
Results. The study revealed that the prevalence of neurological complications after COVID-19 was 48.7%, mostly mild, with a low proportion of severe complications. A body mass index (BMI) ≥ 23 Kg/m2 increased the risk of complications by 2.026 times (95% CI 1.245-3.298, p=0.004) and the history of severe COVID-19 increased the risk of complications by OR 3.56 (95% CI 1.409-9.000, p=0.007). The results of treating headache and dizziness were good, all VRS and DARS scores before treatment being 3–4 points, and decreased to 1–2 points. However, stroke still appeared in 17.6% of patients who had a high mRS score (>2).
Conclusions. The prevalence of neurological complications after COVID-19 was high; most complications were mild, and a low percentage of patients had severe complications. The outcomes of neurological complications treatment were good, with a low rate of impact on quality of life.
Keywords: COVID-19, neurological complications, Verbal Rating Scale (VRS), Dizziness Assessment Rating Scale (DARS), modified Rankin Scale (mRS).

Full text sources https://doi.org/10.31688/ABMU.2024.59.2.03
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Address for correspondence:
Toan Hoang NGO
Faculty of Medicine, Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Can Tho City 90000, Vietnam
Email: nhtoan@ctump.edu.vn, Phone +84 366592309

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Le MV, Nguyen TV, Nguyen KV, Pham TK-A, To TT, Nguyen HH, Nguyen PM, Ngo TH. Neurological complications characteristics and treatment outcomes of post-COVID-19 patients. Arch Balk Med Union. 2024;59(2):158-166. https://doi.org/10.31688/ABMU.2024.59.2.03